Sample Massage Therapy
Page 10 (continued):
181. In performing the circular manipulation in petrissage of the right gluteal area, what is done to help activate the three crossing layers of thick muscles?
The skin rather than the fingers are moved, and the left hand is placed on top of the right for additional pressure.
182. How is a twisting manipulation applied to muscles?
By placing both hands next to each other, then pushing the tissues forward with the palm of one hand as the fingers of the other hand pull the tissues back.
183. With what weight should the cupping manipulation be given in the region of the scapula?
Light - just weight of relaxed hand
184. True or False? Proper coordination in performing combined cupping and friction requires that the separate movements be first practiced quickly.
185. In manipulating the spinal column, why is it necessary that the two fingers placed on the spinous processes be in a straight line?
This is out of the Scope of Practice for Massage Therapists.
186. Why should massage therapists not place people on specific diets? What can be recommended instead?
Because they are not doctors. Recommend that they go see a physician or food specialists.
187. Why are proteins needed in the diet? Name other classifications of foods.
Proteins are needed in the diet because they help in rebuilding and repairing muscles, glands, nerves, etc.
The other classifications of foods are: carbohydrates, fats, minerals, and vitamins.
188. What is one of the special functions of all vitamins?
To assist the body to make use of the foods in which they are found.
189. Describe Therapeutic Massage.
A technique of manipulations that relieves a specific pathological condition in the body.
190. Describe Physiological Massage.
A technique of manipulations that assists in keeping the body in a healthy condition.
191. What type of massage is usually given in private practice?
192. What determines the type of treatment to be given in therapeutic massage?
The physician's recommendations.
193. What is the difference between massage as usually applied in a hospital and massage in institutions that function as rest homes?
The former is almost all therapeutic, often under direct medical supervision, while the latter is sometimes physiological as well.
194. Define "remedial exercises".
Scientific application of bodily movements designed to maintain or restore normal muscle and joint function.
195. What are passive movements and how do they differ from active movements?
Passive movements are those performed solely by the therapist without assistance or resistance being offered by the client. Active movements are those performed by the client with the assistance of the therapist or without the therapist.
196. In applying remedial exercises, why is it necessary that the massage therapist know the types of movement each joint is capable of performing?
In order to avoid straining a joint.
197. Name the nine classifications of joint movements and explanations of the movements.
- Abduction: movement away from the body, such as in lifting the arm out to the side of the body.
- Adduction: movement toward the body, as in bringing the arm back to the side.
- Flexion: the closing of a hinge joint, such as lifting the forearm.
- Extension: to straighten a joint, such as bringing the forearm straight with the arm.
- Retraction: backward movement, such as pulling back the shoulders.
- Protraction: forward movement--such as pulling forward the shoulders.
- Circumduction: circular movement such as when the foot, or the hand, held straight out, performs a circle moving the whole limb.
- Supination: to turn the anterior side upward--such as turning up the palm of the hand.
- Pronation: to turn the anterior side downward --such as turning the palm of the hand down.
198. Of the nine possible joint movements, the shoulder can perform seven. Name the two movements the shoulder cannot perform.
Supination and pronation.
199. What are four therapeutic effects of remedial exercises?
- Assist in maintaining nerve power by stimulation through stretching and shortening of the muscles.
- Increases suppleness of joints.
- Improve the lymph circulation and hastens the return of the venous blood by muscular compression and joint movement.
- Assist in preventing the shortening of muscles and formation of adhesions.
200. Why should passive movements be applied before active movements?
In some instances they should not particularly if you are assessing a contracture and in some cases they prepare muscle structures for the more strenuous active exercises.