Bonus MBLEX Massage Therapy Questions & Answers
Page 7 (continued):
121. What are the two layers of the skin called?
The epidermis, and the derma (also called dermis & derm).
122. Why is massage beneficial to the hair?
It loosens the tissues of the scalp and brings fresh blood to the area thus benefitting in the treatment of any conditions of poor hair growth.
123. What areas of the body have the thickest skin?
Palms of hands and the soles of feet.
124. What parts of the operator's hands exert pressure when applying effleurage to the back of the legs?
125. What is a "Charley Horse?"
It is an uncontrolled contraction of the muscle and produces a sharp pain that can be very intense and they can develop in several areas of the body i.e. calf, hamstrings and back.
126. What is the function or purpose of sebaceous glands?
Keeps the outer layer of the skin soft and pliable as well as acting more or less as a water-proofing.
127. How much pressure should be applied in friction of the thigh muscles?
Enough pressure to move the underlying muscles.
128. Name five divisions of the spine.
Cervical Vertebrae, Thoracic Vertebrae, Lumbar Vertebrae, Sacrum Vertebrae, and the Coccygeal (Coccyx) Vertebrae.
129. What is the purpose of the obturator foramen?
Allows for passing of nerves and blood vessels into the legs.
130. What does the Splenius Capitis muscle do?
Assists in rotating and extending the head at the neck.
131. Where does the Latisimus Dorsi muscle originate?
Several places i.e. Ilium, posterior Crest, Sacrum (Posterior), Vertebral Column (Lateral Surface), Lumbar Vertebrae (L1-5), Thoracic Vertebrae (T7-12), Ribs (Posterior) Lover 3 or 4 ribs
132. How does massage of the back help improve the air capacity of the lungs?
By massaging the muscles that correct stooped shoulders.
133. Describe in detail the petrissage of the neck.
With the pads of the first three fingers of both hands, place them on each side of the spine at the base of the neck, with the client's neck raised with your hands (the head being relaxed) just high enough to allow room for your hands between the massage table and the neck. The fingers then slide down each side of the upper portion of the spine, so that they are in line with the shoulders. You should then start the petrissage manipulation by performing semi-circles alternately with each hand on each side of the spine, with constant pressure, slowing moving up to the hair line.
134. What type of manipulation is used in massage of the trapezius muscle?
135. Should hacking over the lungs be light or heavy?
Cupping is the preferred method of tapotement over the lungs.
136. How does massage applied to the spinal area improve the bodily functions?
The manipulations you apply to the spinal area activate the nerves and bring fresh blood to stimulate and nourish the nerves, which, branching out from this area, are the means used by the brain to carry messages throughout the body.
137. What is another name for Tapotement?
138. How does general body massage benefit cases of slow metabolism such as in gout or diabetes?
Stimulates blood and lymph flow which benefits metabolism
139. Is it always necessary to give a general body massage? Give reasons.
No. Treatment could be confined to an area in which there is a local condition that would be helped by massage.
140. Name at least 3 contra-indications for massage.
Inflammation, skin problems i.e. boils; varicose veins (massage directly over varicose veins can worsen the problem. However, if you apply a very light massage next to the problem, always in a direction toward the heart, it can be very beneficial and hernias.